What is Shayari ? : Unraveling the Mystery: 2023 adorable sad

SHAYARI-What is Shayari


In Urdu, Punjabi, Hindi, Shaayaree, or poetry, essentially comprises of couplet, or Sher. The plural for Sher is Ashaar. The form ghazal is a collection of mulitiple ashaar – each of which should convey a complete thought without any reference to other shayari of the same ghazal. In fact, though belonging to the same ghazal, the different ashaar therein can have completely different meaning and tone relative to one another.

SHER


(Couplet). It consists of two lines (MISRA); first line is called ‘MISRA-E-OOLA’ and the second is called ‘MISRA-E-SANI’. Each verse embodies a single thought or subject (sing) SHER, Shero, Shayari, Shyari, Shayri. You can find great shayri on shayriworld . com



BAIT


Another term for SHER, Sher-o-Shayari, Shayri.

history-of-shayari
history-of-shayari



BAIT-UL-GHAZAL


The best SHER in a GHAZAL

what is shayari

GHAZAL


(Ode). The literary meaning of the word ‘GHAZAL’ is to converse with beloved. Etymologically, it come from the Arabic word Ghizaal, meaning gazelle. It is a poem containing a minimum of 5 verses and maximum 25. The opening Verse of the GHAZAL is called MATLA and both hemistiches rhyme with one another. The last verse of the GHAZAL is called MAQTA which usually contains the penname of the poet. Most of Persian and Urdu writers have earned fame as GHAZAL writers. GHAZAL is the soul of Urdu literature and most popular form of Urdu poetry.

The following is an example of sher, composed by Mirza Ghalib:
nahii.n ki mujhako qayaamat kaa etiqaad nahii.n
shab-e-firaaq se roz-e-jazaa ziyaad nahii.n
It is not that I do not have faith in (the pains of) the day of judgement
But the night of separation is not less than the day of judgement.
What the poet is trying to say is that he trusts that the day of judgement would be very painful, as it has been described in Qur’an and Hadith; however, this night of separation from his beloved is not less painful than the day of judgement.



FARD


Composition of only a single SHER, Shero-Shayari, is called FARD.

merey bachche mujhe boodha nahiN hone daete



HAMD


Poem written in praise of God.

HAZAL


Poem with humorous subject.



HIJV


(Satire). A poem written to condemn or to abuse a person. This form of poetry is considered of low type and which is usually avoided by reputed poets. The exact opposite of HIJV is MADAH which is a poem written in praise of Kings and Patrons.


HUSN-E-MATLA


Rhyming of the first two lines of a GHAZAL is called HUSN-E-MATLA.



MADAH


Poem written in praise of Kings and Patrons.


MANQABAT


Poem written in praise of Ahle-E-Bait (the members of the family of Muhammad).


MAQTA


The last line of a GHAZAL or a poem which generally contains the poet’s pen-name.



MARSIYA


A poem written to commemorate the exploits of great men of Islam; usually to describe the battle fought on the plains of Karbala in Iraq by Hazarat Imam Husain and his supporters against the army of Yazid. It is usually a poem of mourning. The famous MARSIYA writers in Urdu are Mir Baberali Anis and Salamatali Dabir. Even a short poem written to mourn the death of a friend can be called MARSIYA. Lord Alfred Tennyson’s poem ‘In Memoriam’ can rightly be called MARSIYA. The sub-parts of MARSIYA are called NOHA and SOZ which means lamentation and burning of (heart) respectively.



MASNAWI


A long epic poem describing the battles fought long ago and past events. It may also contain philosophical or ethical themes. The most famous MASNAWIS are Shah-Namah of Firdosi, Masnavi-E-Roomi in Persian language and Zehar-E-Ishq in Urdu.

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MATLA


The opening SHER of a GHAZAL.


MISRA


One line of a couplet, or verse.


MUNAJAT


A lyrical poem as prayer to God.



MUSADDAS


Each unit consists of 6 lines (Misra). Most famous writer of this type of poem is Maulana Altaf Husain Hali.


NAAT


Verses written in praise of Muhammad.


NAZM


The literary meaning of Nazm is Poetry (cf. Nasr, or Prose) A poem fully dealing with a single subject or thought.


QAFIA


Rhyming of the last words of a poem.


QASIDA


(Ballad). It is a long poem in Urdu, Persian or Arabic which usually describes battles or written in praise of kings; princes or the poet’s patron. There is no limit of verses; it may even go beyond hundred lines.


QATA


(Fragments). It has two Ashaar and has a one complete subject. Plural Qita’at.


RADEEF


(End rhyme). Each SHER, Shero, Shayari, Shyari, Shayri of GHAZAL in addition to QAFIA may also have RADEEF which is rhyming of more than the last two or three words.



RUBA’I


Persian word for Quatrain. Contains only 4 lines, the third one being different from the other three as it should not have QAFIA and RADEEF. RUBA’I deals with social, philosophical and romantic subjects. In Persian language Umar Khayyam is supposed to be a great poet of RUBAIYY A T whereas in Urdu Yagana, Firaq and Josh are leading poets of this time and Anis, an old time poet.

poet-burning-poetry


SALAM


(Literal meaning Salutation) It is a kind of poem in which the incidents of Karbala i.e. hardships of Hazarat Imam Husain and his followers are described It is also written in praise of Muhammad, and is recited by standing up.


SEHRA


A song sung at the time of tying Sehra during wedding ceremony, praising the bride or the bridegroom and their relatives.


SHEHR ASHOB


Poem describing a ruined city.


TAH-TUL-LAFZ


The manner of reciting a poem; like rhythmic prose i.e. without singing; word for word.


TAKHALLUS


A name adopted by a poet, by which he is known in the literary world.


TARANNUM


The manner of reciting a poem in the form of a song.


WASOKHT


Literal meaning ‘displeasure’ or ‘disgust’. A kind of poem in which the displeasure and carelessness of a lover is narrated; while relinquishing the beloved.


GEET

meaning-of-shayari


Song or hymn.

MUSHAIRA


A symposium of poets; a poet’s gathering.

QAWWALI


Devotional song expressing the love and oneness with God sung by a group of people to the accompaniment of musical instruments. Now-a-days, it has taken popular form covering subjects of romance, liquor, etc.

Source: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Shayari meaning in Gujarati

Translate કવિતા

Shayari meaning in Marathi:

Translate कविता

Shayari meaning in Bengali:

Translate কবিতা

Shayari meaning in Telugu:

Translate కవిత్వం

शायरी का क्या अर्थ होता है?

शायरी (شاعری‎), शेर-ओ-शायरी या सुख़न भारतीय उपमहाद्वीप में प्रचलित एक कविता का रूप हैं जिसमें उर्दू-हिन्दी भाषाओँ में कविताएँ लिखी जाती हैं। शायरी में फ़ारसी, अरबी, हिन्दी और तुर्की भाषाओँ के मूल शब्दों का मिश्रित प्रयोग किया जाता है। शायरी लिखने वाले कवि को शायर या सुख़नवर कहा जाता है।

what is the difference between shayari and ghazal

Shayari is in different principles. Ghazal is a form of poetry. A ghazal is a collection of couplets called a sher which must end with the same verse and must be in one of the former couplets. A typical Ghazal consists of ‘Matla’, ‘Maqta’, ‘Bahar’, ‘Kafiya’ and ‘Radeef’.

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